The Hope and Challenge of People’s Forum 1991

PCDForum Column #23    Release date December 1, 1991

by David C. Korten

From October 14-17, 1991, the directors of the World
Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) met in
Bangkok, Thailand’s elegant international conference
center to set the future directions of the global economy.
Many enthusiastically pointed to Thailand as demonstrating
the success of the export-led growth model based on
opening national […]

2021-01-08T14:04:43-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

Ecological Stability, Social Justice and Foreign Assistance

PCDForum Column #21   Release date December 1, 1991

by Smitu Kothari

Many foreign assistance agencies have recently proclaimed new commitments to

the environment and to democratization. These are essential priorities of the

1990s, but to date only a minuscule percentage of assistance from Japan, the

United States, Western Europe, the Soviet Union and the multilateral agencies

has enhanced environmental sustainability […]

2021-01-08T14:04:13-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

NGOS and the Electoral Process: Philippine Perspectives

PCDForum Column #19,   Release Date August 15, 1991

by Florencio "Butch" Abad

Many of us in the Philippine NGO sector currently find ourselves in a state

of transition in our relationship to national electoral processes. The context

of that transition is a political tug-of-war between the old oligarchic politics

of elite privilege and a new politics of social justice […]

2021-01-08T14:04:14-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

International Assistance: A Problem Posing as a Solution

Published in Development, 1991:3/4, pp. 87-94
by the Society for International Development

David C. Korten
The People-Centered Development Forum

This article builds from the arguments set
forward in David C. Korten, “Development as Transformation: Voluntary
Action in the 1990s,”
That article argued that pursuit of a growth-centered development
vision has led to a growing global crisis
of deepening poverty, […]

2017-01-12T20:08:12-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

Latin America: Free Trade is Not the Answer

PCDForum Column #14 Release Date July 1, 1991

by Robin Broad, John Cavanagh, and Walden Bello

Washington is offering Latin American countries the carrot
of increased access to North American markets if they
continue repaying their debts and agree to a development
strategy that emphasizes private enterprise, removal of
trade barriers, and the opening of their economies to
foreign investment. Essentially, the Bush […]

2021-01-08T14:04:43-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

The Ideological Roots of Crisis in an Archipelagic Country

October 4, 1991, Quezon City, Philippines

by Sixto K. Roxas


The March 1987 report of the World Commission
on Environment and Development, now known as
the Brundtland Report after its chairperson,
Madame Gro Harlem Brundtland, divided the
“trends that the planet and its people cannot long
bear” into two categories: a) failures of development and b) failures of environmental management.

Failures of development are […]

2021-01-08T14:04:15-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

The Other Economic Summit: A People’s Agenda

PCDForum Column #16,   Release Date August 12, 1991

by James Robertson

The recent London economic summit of the Group of
Seven (G7)–Britain, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada,
France and the United States–again confirmed what has
long been evident. The leaders of the world’s high consumption, high polluting economies are not prepared to
offer an effective response to the deep-seated world
crisis brought on […]

2021-01-08T14:04:43-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

Economic Orthodoxy and the Poor: The Case of Australian Aid

PCDForum Column #24,   Release date December 5, 1991

by Janet Hunt

As do most aid giving countries, Australia maintains that poverty alleviation is the driving motivation behind many of its international trade and aid policies. In line with prevailing orthodox economic theory these policies view external trade as the driving force of economic growth, which in turn […]

2021-01-08T14:04:14-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

UNCED: Unasked Questions

PCDForum Column #12 Release Date April 15, 1991

by David C. Korten

In 1992, the governments of the world and thousands of
citizens organizations will assemble in Brazil for the UN
Conference on Environment and Development There they
will formalize agreements intended to resolve major
global environmental problems. Countless environmental
issues have been identified. Yet three fundamental questions, the answers to which […]

2021-01-08T14:04:14-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|

Community-Centered Capitalism: An NGO Alternative

PCDForum Column #22   Release date December 1, 1991

by Sixto K. Roxas

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) around the world have become

increasingly assertive in challenging the conventional export-oriented,

industrial, foreign investment dependent development model favored by such

institutions as the World Bank and the IMF. Many Philippine NGOs, for example,

find this model poorly suited to the needs of a country […]

2017-01-12T20:01:21-08:00November 15th, 2010|Categories: 1991|
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